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Class 6 (Social Science)

(NCERT Textbook : Our Pasts - I)

Free NCERT Solutions, Thousands of worksheets of History for class 6 in PDF format, Sample class Test Papers, Demo Lesson plans, Downloads WorkBooks with numerous worksheets in Each chapter, Online chapter test to check your subject skills and progress. Sample class test papers are prepared to check a child's understanding and subject skill. Each test papers is of 25 marks and of 40 min duration. The paper consists of MCQ, Fill in the blanks, True & False, VSA and SA

NCERT Solutions

Ch_8_Ashoka, the Emperor Who gave up War

Q1. Make a list of occupation of people who lived within the Mauryan Empire.

Answer :

The following were the occupations of those people who lived within the Mauryan Empire:

1. Farming

2. Handicrafts

3. Trading

4. Herding

5. Hunting and gathering


Q2. Complete the following sentences:

a)      Officials collected __________ from the area under the direct control of the ruler.

b)      Royal princess often went to the provinces as____

c)      The Mauryan rulers tried to control______ and _____ which were important for transport.

d)      People in forested regions provided the Mauryan officials with______


(a) Officials collected Taxes from the area under the direct control of the ruler.

(b) Royal princes often went to provinces as governors.

(c) The Mauryan rulers tried to control roads and rivers which were important for transport.

(d) People in forested regions provided the Mauryan officials with elephants, timber and honey.


Q3. State whether true or false:

a)      Ujjain was the gateway to the north-west

b)     Chandragupta’s idea was written down in the Arthashastra

c)      Kalinga was the ancient name of Bengal

d)     Most Ashokan inscriptions are in the Brahmi script


(a) False

The Mauryan province of Taxila was the gateway to the north-west.

(b) False

Arthashashtra is Sanskrit which means economic science. The Ideas of Kautilya, otherwise knowns as Chanakya, were written down in Arthashashtra.

(c) False

Kalinga refers to the coastal region between the Godavari and Mahanadi rivers, in what is modern-day Orissa, not Bengal.

(d) True

Brahmi Script is the parent language of Hindi and many other north Indian languages. Ashokan inscriptions were written in Brahmi script.


Q4. What were the problems that Ashoka wanted to solve by introducing dhamma?


Emperor Ashoka wanted to solve the following problems by introducing dhamma:

1.Inter-religious conflicts between his subjects.

2. Animal sacrifice during religious rituals.

3. Ill-treatment of servants and slaves.

4. Constant disputes between neighbours over petty issues.

NOTE: ‘Dhamma’ is a Prakrit word which means dharma.


Q5. What were the means adopted by Ashoka to spread the message of dhamma?


 Ashoka adopted the following means to spreads his message of dhamma:

1)      He appointed officials called Dhamma Mahamatta who went to different places to spread the message of dhamma.

2)      He had his messages inscribed on pillars, so that common folk could read them.

3)      Officials were directed to read out the messages inscribed on pillars to those who could not read.


Q6. Why do you think slaves and servants were ill-treated? Do you think the orders of the emperor would have improved their condition? Give reasons for your answer.


Slaves and servants were ill-treated owing to the following reasons:

a)      Most of them were prisoners of war.

b)      Some belonged to the lowest social order, specifically Shudras.

c)      The concept of human rights was virtually non-existent during that period.

Their condition would have improved after the order of Emperor because:

a)      No one would dare defy the supreme order of the emperor himself.

b)      Those who would disobey the emperor would be severely punished by his officials.

c)      The Emperor was the supreme commander of the Mauryan Empire. Thus his word was law and had to be obeyed to the fullest extent.


Q7. Write a short paragraph explaining Roshan why the lions are shown on our currency notes. List at least one other object on which you see them.


The Ashoka pillar in Sarnath has 4 lions on top. Lord Buddha gave his first sermon after attaining enlightenment in Sarnath. The four lions are related to Buddhism and signify peace and friendship. During our independence struggle, the Buddhist ideals of non-violence inspired the freedom movement. These lions on our symbol signify truth, peace, friendliness.

The lion symbol is an emblem of the Supreme Court of India, CBI, Police and almost all government departments. It is also seen on our passports as well.


Q8. Suppose you had the power to inscribe your orders, what four commands would you like to issue?


Students should do this project on their own

Chapter List

Class 6 ( History )

Ch_1 What, Where, How and When?
Ch_3 - From Gathering to Growing Food
Ch_4 - In the Earliest Cities
Ch_5 - What Books and Burials Tell Us
Ch_6 - Kingdoms, Kings and an Early. . .
Ch_8 - Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave . . .
Ch_9 - Vital Villages, Thriving Towns
Ch_10 - Traders, Kings and Pilgrims
Ch_11 - New Empires and Kingdoms
Ch_12 - Buildings, Paintings and Books
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